Habiat III. Revised Draft of the #NewUrbanAgenda


Revised Zero Draft New Urban Agenda 18 June 2016 (PDF)


1. We, the Heads of State and Government and High Representatives, have gathered at the United Nations
Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) from 17 to 20 October 2016 in
Quito, Ecuador, with the participation of regional and local authorities, civil society organizations, the
private sector, the professionals, the technical, scientific and academic community, major groups and other
relevant stakeholders, to adopt a New Urban Agenda that harnesses the potential of cities and human
settlements to help eradicate poverty in all its forms and dimensions, reduce inequalities, promote inclusive
growth, and achieve sustainable development.

2. Since the first United Nations Conference on Human Settlements in Vancouver in 1976, we have seen
dramatic improvements in the quality of life of millions of urban inhabitants, including slum dwellers.
However, we are still far from addressing existing, new and emerging challenges and capitalizing on the
positive aspects of urbanization and its potential contributions to sustainable development.

3. By the year 2050, the world urban population is expected to nearly double, posing massive sustainability
challenges in terms of housing, infrastructure, basic services, and jobs among others. There is a need to
address the way cities and human settlements are planned, developed, governed and managed.

4. After the historic adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — including the Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs) — , the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on
Financing for Development, the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, as well as the Small Island
Developing States Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway, the Istanbul Programme of Action
for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2011-2020 and the Vienna Programme of Action for
Landlocked Developing Countries for the Decade 2014-2024, we take full account of the need to effectively
and efficiently implement our commitments.

5. Building on the unfinished business of the Millennium Development Goals and the Habitat Agenda of 1996,
and fully linking with and building upon the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, this New Urban
Agenda shall reinvigorate the global commitment to sustainable urbanization, which is now more critical
than ever as populations, economic activities, social interactions and environmental impacts, are
increasingly concentrated in cities.

6. The New Urban Agenda is the first step for operationalizing sustainable development in an integrated and
coordinated way at global, regional, national, sub-national and local levels. The implementation of the New
Urban Agenda will drive the achievement of SDG 11 of making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe,
resilient, and sustainable, as well as of other relevant goals and targets across the whole 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development.

Our shared vision

7. We anchor our vision on the concept of cities for all, which in some countries is understood as the Right to
the City, and compiles the shared systemization of existing rights, seeking to ensure that all inhabitants, of
present and future generations, are able to inhabit, use, and produce just, inclusive, accessible and
sustainable cities, which exist as a common good essential to quality of life.

8. We envisage cities and human settlements that are inclusive and free from all forms of discrimination and
violence, where all inhabitants, whether permanent or transitional, enjoy equal rights and opportunities,
guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, including full respect for
international law and grounded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human
rights treaties.

9. We envisage cities and human settlements that:
(a) fulfill their social function, including the social function of land, ensuring the full and progressive
realization of the right to adequate housing, as well as equal access for all to public goods and services, food security and nutrition, quality and accessible public spaces, livelihoods and decent

(b) are participatory and engender a sense of belonging and ownership among all their inhabitants,
practice civic engagement and prioritize the collectively defined public interest, enhance social
interactions and political participation, promote socio-cultural expressions, embrace diversity, and
foster social cohesion and safety, while meeting the needs of all inhabitants.
(c) empower all women and girls, especially through their full and equal participation in decision-making,
equal employment opportunities and pay, and preventing and significantly reducing all forms of
violence in private and public spaces.
(d) meet the challenges and opportunities of future growth, enhancing urban economies with high
productivity and value-added activities, harnessing productive local economies, including the formal
and informal sectors, while promoting gender-responsive planning and investment for safe and
sustainable urban mobility systems that link people, places, services and economic opportunities.
(e) fulfill their territorial functions beyond the administrative boundaries, and act as hubs and drivers for
balanced sustainable and integrated territorial development.
(f) promote disaster risk reduction and that are resilient to natural and man-made hazards as well as
protect, respect and value their ecosystems, natural habitats and biodiversity, and reduce their
environmental impact.
Our principles and commitments
10. To achieve our vision, we resolve to adopt a New Urban Agenda guided by the following principles:
(a) Promote sustainable and inclusive urban prosperity and opportunities for all, leveraging the
agglomeration benefits of urbanization, preventing land speculation, ensuring fair and equitable
employment creation, productivity, competitiveness, diversification and innovation through
sustainable economic development.
(b) Leave no one behind, ensuring urban equity and eradicate poverty in all its forms and dimensions,
including extreme poverty, as well as all forms of discrimination, by providing equal access for all, to
economic and productive resources, physical and social infrastructure, food security and nutrition,
recognizing and leveraging culture, diversity and safety, while enabling participation and enhancing
livability, well-being, and quality of life.
(c) Achieve environmentally sound and resilient cities and human settlements, planning and
implementing sustainable consumption and production patterns, protecting and valuing ecosystems
and biodiversity in harmony with nature, reducing disaster risks, mitigating climate change and
adapting to its impacts while increasing urban systems’ resilience to physical, economic, and social
shocks and stresses.
11. We also resolve to commit to a New Urban Agenda that will:
(a) transform the way we plan, develop, govern and manage cities and human settlements, recognizing
sustainable urban development as an essential instrument to achieve prosperity for all and
sustainable development.

(b) deploy sustainable, people-centered and integrated approaches to urbanization by implementing
policies, legal frameworks, strategies, and actions at all levels based on a set of four universally
applicable fundamental drivers of change:
i. Developing and implementing national urban policies within a renewed local-national
partnership building integrated national systems of cities and human settlements,
toward the achievement of national development targets;
ii. Strengthening urban legislation, providing predictability and order in the urban
development plans to enable social and economic performance and wealth creation;
iii. Reinvigorate urban and territorial planning in order to optimize the spatial dimension of
the urban form and deliver the urban advantage;
iv. Supporting effective financing frameworks, enabling strengthened municipal finance
and local fiscal systems in order to create, sustain and share the value generated by
sustainable urban development.
Call for Action

12. For the first time in history, more than half of humanity lives in urban areas. By 2050, this proportion is
expected to reach nearly 70%, making urbanization one of the 21st century’s most transformative trends,
intensifying its economic, social, environmental and cultural challenges and opportunities.

13. We affirm that, while the specific circumstances of different urban areas vary, the New Urban Agenda is
universal in scope, setting out priorities and actions at the global, regional, national, sub-national, and local
levels that stakeholders in every country can adapt to their needs, either alone or in partnership, under a
long-term and people-centered vision.

14. We acknowledge that in implementing the New Urban Agenda particular attention should be paid to
addressing the unique and emerging urbanization challenges facing all countries, in particular African
countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries, and Small Island Developing States,
as well as the specific challenges facing the middle-income countries and those of countries and territories
under foreign occupation, countries in conflict or post-conflict situations, and countries affected by natural
disasters. Particular attention should also be paid to addressing the specific challenges facing women and
girls, children and youth, older persons, persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples, grassroots
organizations, informal inhabitants and workers, farmers, refugees, returnees and internally displaced
persons, and migrants, regardless of migratory status.

15. The New Urban Agenda is a collective vision for the future of our cities, towns and villages and a political
commitment to ensure human settlements are a positive force for achieving sustainable development.
Recognizing that the decisions we make today will shape our future, the implementation of the New Urban
Agenda is a historic opportunity to forge cities and human settlements that are inclusive, safe, resilient and
sustainable and where all inhabitants lead prosperous, healthy, and free lives and live together peacefully
and free of fear and all forms of discrimination.

16. We, therefore, urge all national, sub-national and local governments, and all stakeholders to promote
sustainable urban development and to implement the New Urban Agenda.

Revised Zero Draft New Urban Agenda 18 June 2016 (PDF)